EC Type Approval is a legal requirement for all EU countries to have a common process for the “approval of motor vehicles and their trailers and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles”. This means the scope of European approval has been extended from cars to all commercial vehicles and trailers. The manufacturer can apply for homologation in any member state.
The new framework directive 2007/46/EC was introduced on 29 October 2007. It consists of 61 single directives and provides a European-wide mechanism for ensuring that these vehicles meet relevant environmental and safety standards.
Type Approval Regulations for Commercial Vehicles come into force as indicated in the table below.
Complete vehicle: Any vehicle which has been built in one stage by one manufacturer.
Incomplete vehicle: A vehicle that must undergo at least one further stage of build in order to meet the relevant technical requirements for the whole vehicle. For example, a chassis cab is an incomplete vehicle since a body must be added for it to be finished.
Completed vehicle: A vehicle that has been built in more than one stage, normally by two or more different manufacturers. For example, a concrete mixer where a company has added the additional components (i.e. the mixer itself) to a cab chassis and the vehicle requires no further work before it can be considered finished.
To obtain above homologation, vehicles of categories N and O must be fitted with anti-spray devices according to:
‘Spray Directive’ 91/226/EEC amended by Directive 2010/19/EU.
> Above information is to our best knowledge true and accurate, but all recommendations or suggestions are made without guarantee. <